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Top 11 Largest Gold Producing State In India

According to the United States Geological Survey, India’s total gold output was at 1,400,000 kg in 2017. Gold, as we all know, is a desirable commodity whose price has increased steadily rather than fallen. Gold is a worldwide currency because of its widespread usage and because of its status as a precious metal.

India is one of the world’s major consumers of gold, making it an important market for the precious metal. Parasi Mines, Sonbhadra Mines, Lava Gold Mines, Kolar Gold fields located in Indian states like Jharkhand and UP are some of the sources of India’s gold.

More than half of the country’s gold ore is located in Bihar, second by Rajasthan (25%), West Bengal (3%), Andhra Pradesh 3%, and Jharkhand 2%. Remaining reserves may be found in the states of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, and Chhatisgarh.

Media outlets throughout the globe have claimed that Indian temples contain more gold than the whole planet. There is an immense amount of gold valuing billions of dollars in the Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple at Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala.

It was first found in the 16th century, and is presently held by the Indian government. According to the World Gold Council, India’s temples have 22,000 metric tonnes of gold, with the temple of Kerala alone containing $1 trillion in gold.

List of The Largest Gold Producing State In India

Gold Producing State

A list of India’s top ten gold-producing states might help you learn more about gold and the country where it is found. You may want to know that the India’s Jewellery industry expects that gold would be worth six billion Indian rupees in 2022.

1. Karnataka

Karnataka is home to some of India’s largest gold refineries. The country’s own reserves are expected at 17.5 million metric tonnes, or 99 percent of India’s entire output. Dharwad, Raichur, Hassan, and Kolar are just a few of Karnataka’s gold-rich locales.

The state of Karnataka is India’s top producer of gold. Two of Karnataka’s most productive gold mines are situated in the nearby states of Kolar and Hutti.

Kolar district is home to the Hutti goldfields, which are located around 100 miles from Bangalore. It is the second-deepest gold mine in the world after KGF, and one of the world’s oldest.

Every day, 2000 metric tonnes of gold ore are crushed in the Hutti gold mines. The Hutti gold mines in India are now the sole operational gold mine in the country.

As far as deep gold mines are concerned, Kolar gold mines are second only to those in South Africa in terms of depth. In British India, it was referred to as “Mini England.”. As a result of declining high-grade ore deposits, rising production costs, and other factors, the Kolar mine was forced to shut down on February 28th.

A wildlife sanctuary is located in the Gadag district of India. Kappatagudda. Hutti, in the Raichur District of Karnataka, is the state’s top producer of gold at the moment.

2. Andhra Pradesh

The state of AP is India’s second-largest gold production. It has been estimated that the state has generated 37,025 kilos gold & 7.06 Metric ton of ore, based on the most current geological study. The vast majority of India’s gold is mined from one of the country’s many rivers.

3. Jharkhand

Jharkhand is India’s third-largest gold producer. In terms of overall goods produced in India, the state is responsible for 11 percent of the total. Native & alluvial gold are the state’s main sources of revenue.

Third in our ranking of India’s most prolific gold producers, we find Jharkhand. It is a mineral-rich area that has 40% of the country’s natural resources. Jharkhand is home to Bhitar Dari Gold, Pahadia, Parasia, Lava Gold, Kunderkocha mines. Alluvial gold from the Subarnarekha River sands is also owned by the state.

4. Kerala

The river terraces at Mannarkhat, Chabiyar Puzha, & Ambankadava Puzha, all in Kerala, are used to mine gold. Alluvial gold is the state’s specialty, and it ranks fourth on the list of India’s top gold-producing states.

Alluvial gold from river terraces may be found in Kerala. Most of Kerala’s gold deposits are concentrated in Malappuram and Palakkad.

5. Himachal Pradesh

Even though Himachal Pradesh makes a little contribution to gold production, the tranquil rivers of Bilaspur & Shimla do yield a small amount of gold.

6. Bihar

Nearly 44% of India’s gold ore comes from Bihar. The state is a major producer of gold. Although the state of Bihar has 222.8 million tons of gold ore deposits, it only ranks sixth on our list of India’s top gold-producing states.

This state is home to 44% of the world’s gold ore deposits. This is India’s poorest state despite having the highest gold ore reserves. Naxalite-affected areas are home to most of the country’s gold deposits, making it impossible for the government for mining them.

7. Rajasthan

When it comes to gold ore resources, Rajasthan comes in second behind Bihar, with a share of 25 percent when compared to the rest of India’s states. In Rajasthan, the variety of gold decorations is noteworthy, and many people like to acquire gold ornaments from this state.

8. West Bengal

Even though West Bengal’s gold output is relatively small, the state nonetheless has a prominent position among India’s top 10 gold-producing states. About 3% of the state’s gold ore is sent to India.

9. Gujarat

Gujarat produces 5 tonnes of gold in India.

10. Tamil Nadu

Iron ore, gold, china clay, and other valuable minerals may be found in the Tamil Nadu region in southern India, among others. Due to a prohibition on certain of the state’s gold mines, Tamil Nadu has a small percentage of India’s overall gold output. Despite its little contribution, this state is nonetheless highly valued in the nation.

11. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is India’s second-highest gold-producing state, behind only the state of Rajasthan. Because of its distinctive geology, the state is particularly rich in a wide range of minerals, including gold. The districts of Anantapur, Chittoor, & Kurnool contain the most gold. As of this writing, AP has produced 37,025 kg of gold.

Gold Production FAQs

Q. How is gold mined?

Ans: Gold can be mined through various methods, including underground mining, open-pit mining, and placer mining. The choice of method depends on factors like the location of the deposit, its size, and the quality of the ore.

Q. What is the primary source of gold?

Ans: The primary source of gold is typically underground ore deposits, although gold can also be found in alluvial deposits, rivers, and streams as placer deposits.

Q. What is the process of extracting gold from ore?

Ans: The process of extracting gold from ore involves crushing the ore into smaller pieces, then using chemical processes such as cyanidation or flotation to separate the gold particles from the surrounding rock and minerals.

Q. What are the environmental concerns associated with gold production?

Ans: Gold production can lead to environmental concerns such as deforestation, water pollution, and habitat destruction. The use of toxic chemicals like cyanide in the extraction process can also pose risks.

Q. How is gold refined?

Ans: After extraction, gold is typically further refined to remove impurities. This refining process can involve techniques like smelting, electrorefining, and chemical processes to achieve high purity.

Q. What are the different forms of gold products?

Ans: Gold can be found in various forms, including gold bars, coins, jewelry, and electronic components. These products can vary in purity and form, from 24-karat gold bars to 14-karat gold jewelry.

Q. What factors influence the price of gold?

Ans: The price of gold is influenced by factors such as supply and demand, economic conditions, geopolitical events, and investor sentiment. Gold is often seen as a safe-haven asset, and its price can rise during times of economic uncertainty.

Q. Is gold production sustainable?

Ans: Sustainable gold production practices aim to minimize environmental and social impacts. This includes responsible mining, using eco-friendly technologies, and ensuring fair labor practices.

Q. What is the role of gold in the global economy?

Ans: Gold has been used as a store of value and a form of currency for centuries. While it’s no longer a primary currency, it plays a role in financial markets as a hedge against inflation and economic instability.


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