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Top 5 Highest Manganese Producing States in India

Manganese is always available in combination with laterite, iron, and other minerals and is very brittle and hard. Manganese in the form of the alloy is a vital input in steel production, and steel plays an essential role in the economic growth of any country.

Presently, India is one of the largest importers of Manganese in the world. About 6 KG of Manganese is required for producing one tonne of steel. Manganese is also used to produce insecticides, bleaching powder, batteries, paints, and china clay. In this article, you will learn about India’s leading Manganese-producing state.

Importance of Manganese

Manganese is a silvery grey mineral that is purely brittle and extremely hard. It is found in the availability of laterite, iron, and other minerals. In alloy form, Manganese is effective in the production of steel, and steel is the essential indicator of a country’s industrial growth.

Production and Distribution of Manganese in India

India has ranked 2nd in the world after Zimbabwe for manganese ore reserves. It also ranks 5th in terms of manganese ore production after South Africa, Gabon, Brazil, and Australia. The total in Situ reserve of Manganese Ore is about 406 Million Tonnes, out of which 135 million tonnes are probable, 104 million tonnes are proved, and 167 million tonnes are in possible categories. In 2021, the country was the 7th largest producer of Manganese globally.

The largest reserves of India are located in Karnataka, followed by Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Goa, and Maharashtra. The states for the minor occurrence of manganese ore are Rajasthan, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal.

In India, manganese ore production remains more or less constant with variation from year to year. From 1950 to 1951, production was estimated to be 13.98 lakh tonnes, which reached 16.62 lakh tonnes from 2002 to 2003.

Manganese ore production from 2018 to 2019 was 2,820 thousand tonnes which were about 8% higher than the previous year. From 2018 to 2019, a total of 140 mines had reported. In addition to this,  the production of manganese ore by 12 mines was reported as an associate mineral from 20218 to 2019, of which 24 public sector mines were estimated to account for 46% of the total production.

According to the NMI database, based on the UNFC system, the overall Manganese resources in India accounted for 495.87 million tonnes on 1 March 2015. Some Indian states produced manganese ore of about 99%. These states include Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh. Maharashtra and Orissa produce more than half of India’s manganese ore.

Major Manganese Producing States in India


The below-given table will tell you the current data related to Manganese production in Indian states:

1. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has been producing about 33% of overall India’s manganese ore. The main belt operates through a district of Chhindwara and Balaghat.

It is only Maharashtra’s extension of the Nagpur Bhandara belt. It is one of the leading manganese ore-producing states, estimated 33% of the overall production from 2022 to 2023, which is followed by Maharashtra and Odisha.

2. Maharashtra

Maharashtra is nearly followed by MP since 11% of India’s Manganese is mined from MP. Maharashtra itself produced 27% of India’s manganese ore. The vital belt expands in Chhindwara and Balaghat districts. The Ratnagiri zone under the Maharashtra district also has high-grade ore. From 2019 to 2020, the state reported around 25% of the total manganese production in India.

3. Orissa

Orissa is one of the largest producers of manganese ore over 18% production of overall Manganese. It is acquitted from Kodurite Khondolite deposits in Koraput and Kalahandi and Gondite submits in Sundargarh district. Manganese is also mined from the Lateritic submits in Sambalpur and Bolangir districts. The state’s manganese reserves constitute 44% of the total manganese ore in India. It ranks 3rd in production.

4. Andhra Pradesh

In Andhra Pradesh, Manganese production accounts for 13% of India’. In the production of Manganese, districts like Visakhapatnam and Srikakulam were involved, out of which Srikakulam district possesses the distinction of being India’s first manganese ore producer in 1892. AP’s other manganese-producing districts are Vijayanagaram, Cuddapah, and Guntur.

5. Karnataka

Karnataka produces about 13% of India’s manganese ore. It is another major producer, with mines in North Canara, Dharwar, Ballari, Shivamogga, Belagavi, and other places.

6. Other Places

Some of the other Indian states that produce Manganese are Panchmahals, Goa, Udaipur, and Banswara in Rajasthan, Vadodara in Gujarat, and Dhanbad and Singhbhum in Jharkhand. West Bengal, Gujarat, and Rajasthan nearly produce 3%

Data Related to Export

  • About 4/5 of the total production of manganese is consumed nationally, while 1/5 is exported internationally.
  • Due to the rapidly increasing demand in the domestic market, manganese exports have been rapidly declining. This is because some of the Indian industries completely rely on manganese as a major raw material.

Supply and Demand for Manganese Globally

Globally, in descending order of production, only 4 countries produced 70% of manganese ore in 201. These four countries are Australia, South Africa, Gabon, and China. Along with these countries, Ukraine and Brazil report for 90% of proven manganese reserves. Many industrialized countries specifically Europe has no manganese reserves. All Manganese ore is imported from different parts of the world in the United States. Gabon was the first source of ore from 2008-2011, followed by South Africa, Australia, and Brazil. Manganese is estimated to do


In 2017, India’s per capita steel consumption was 65.2 kg as per the World Steel Association. India aims to produce 300 million tonnes of steel from 2030 to 2031. The demand for manganese ore is expected to increase by about 10 million tonnes per annum in the coming years. India’s largest manganese ore producer MOIL Limited has set a target to increase production to 3 million tonnes by 2030.

Manganese Production India FAQs

Q1. What is manganese, and why is it important in India?

Answer: Manganese is a metallic element used primarily in the production of steel and other alloys. It is important in India because it plays a vital role in the country’s steel industry, which is essential for infrastructure development and manufacturing.

Q2. Which state in India is the largest producer of manganese?

Answer: Madhya Pradesh is the largest manganese-producing state in India.

Q3. How much manganese does India produce annually?

Answer: India produces a significant amount of manganese annually, contributing to both domestic consumption and exports.

Q4. What are the primary uses of manganese in India?

Answer: Manganese is primarily used in India for steelmaking. It enhances the strength and durability of steel, making it suitable for construction, automotive, and other industrial applications.

Q5. Are there any environmental concerns associated with manganese mining in India?

Answer: Yes, manganese mining can have environmental impacts, including habitat disruption and water pollution. Environmental regulations and best practices are essential to mitigate these effects.

Q6. How has India’s manganese production evolved over the years?

Answer: India’s manganese production has likely evolved over time in response to changes in demand, technology, and market conditions. Historical data can provide insights into production trends.


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